Fly Fishing Lines Part One: Sinking Fly Lines

If you are to be skilled at fly fishing, you need to know about all the relevant gear. Fly lines are essential tools without which you would have difficulty casting your fly. Fly lines have a taper, which helps you fish in different situations.

There are two main types of fly fishing lines: sinking fly lines and floating fly lines. Each fly line has its own unique set of features; they can be used to catch different fish and can be used in different settings.   In this article, we will be looking at sinking fly lines.

Understanding sinking fly lines

Sinking fly lines are the most common fly fishing lines and they are used with nymph and streamers. Sinking fly lines are ideal for fishing in deep lakes and rivers. They have a dense outer coating which allows them to sink when the fly is cast.  The density of the coating controls the sinking speed; the sink rate of the sinking fly line must be matched with where you will be fishing.

Selecting a sinking fly line

When looking for a sinking line, there are certain factors you need to keep in mind. One of the factors you need to consider is the sink rate.

Sink rate

Sinking fly lines are available in a wide range of sink rates. The sink rate determines the speed at which a straight, horizontal section of the fly line sinks into the water. The sink rate will be determined by what you are trying to achieve, i.e. the body of water you are fishing in and the type of trout for which you are fishing. Sinking fly lines with a slow rate are ideal for shallow waters while sinking fly lines are ideal for water that has greater depth.

There are different types of sink rates and the type you choose will be determined by the depth of the water.

The following are different types of sink rates and the depth they can reach:

  • Type 1-2: 0m-3.6m
  • Type 3-4: 3m-6m
  • Type 3-5: 5m-8m
  • Type 4-6: 6m+
  • Type 5-7: 8m+

Sinking fly lines are the best fly lines to use if you are new to fly fishing.  The sink rate of the sinking fly line is an important factor to consider as it will determine whether you are successful in catching the trout you want to catch.